This Wednesday, June 22, the World Health Organization announced that traces of a form of polio derived from a vaccine strain had been discovered in Great Britain, while its eradication seemed close worldwide.
Amazement in London: for the first time since 1984, the date of the last recorded case in the United Kingdom, the poliomyelitis virus was discovered in the waste water of a treatment plant in north London. Between February and May, several samples came back positive, a sign that this pathogen is currently circulating in an area where four million people live, details the Express.
An alert made public this Wednesday, June 22 by the WHO, which specifies in a communicated “It is important to note that the virus was isolated only from environmental samples – no associated cases of paralysis were detected”.
A call for vigilance was issued: “All countries, especially those with a high volume of travel and contact with polio-affected countries and areas, should step up surveillance to quickly detect any new virus importation and to facilitate a rapid response”, underlines the authority. “Any form of poliovirus, wherever it is, constitutes a threat to children all over the world”, she insists.
Children particularly at risk
According to the WHO, “any form of poliovirus, wherever found, is a threat to children around the world“.
This virus can also be detected in the stool after receiving a vaccine oral poliomyelitis (OPV), which is made from an attenuated form of live poliovirus. OPV has not been used in the UK since 2004, but several countries continue to use it, recalls franceinfo.
According to UK authorities, the most likely scenario is that an individual recently vaccinated with OPV in another country entered the UK before February. For some epidemiologists, people who are not up to date with their vaccination.
In recent years, an average of 1-3 poliovirus isolates per year have been detected in sewage samples in the UK. But they had no connection between them then, recalls TF1 Info.
As a reminder, poliomyelitis is an extremely contagious which invades the nervous system and can cause permanent paralysis.
In France, the vaccine is compulsory for all infants with boosters at 6 and 11 years old. It is also mandatory for certain professions such as caregivers or the military. Boosters are recommended at ages 25, 45 and 65. Thanks to vaccination, poliomyelitis has disappeared in the country.