La peau créée par les chercheurs ressemble à s'y méprendre à une peau humaine. © sdecoret, Adobe Stock

Terminator soon a reality with this first “living” robot skin?

Skin resembling human skin, and moreover alive, is what scientists from the University of Tokyo have created. In a study published in the journal matter, they present a robotic finger covered with an organic skin, possessing functions Water repellent treatments
You can use a water-repellent treatment to fight against water infiltration that creates moisture and stains. This is a treatment that is applied to the surface of the walls…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/2/b/7 /2b7c6023f3_50037415_2371202428-880831b8f6-02.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/house/definitions/waterproof-house-10720/” data-more=”Read more”>water repellent and healing. An advance which may seem minor but which brings us significantly closer to real humanoids ! “I think living skin is the ultimate solution to make robots look and feel like living creatures, because it’s exactly the same Building Materials, Smart Materials, Eco-Friendly Materials…
A…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/6/4/8/648b91afa7_92816_material.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google .com/sciences/definitions/physics-material-15914/” data-more=”Read more”>material which covers the body of animals”
said Shoji Takeuchi, first author of the study.

Genuine components of human skin

To get this texturethe researchers used an assembly of living cells made in vitro and of collagen. A blend inspired by implants biologicals used in medicine to treat serious wounds and burns. They first immersed the robotic finger in a mixture of Fibroblasts are present in the dermis where they produce extracellular matrix components such as…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences. com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/6/5/0/650c398bdd_113991_fibroblast-cell.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/health/definitions/biology-fibroblast-149/” data-more= “Read more”>fibroblasts human skin and collagen to reproduce the equivalent of dermisthen covered the whole thing with Structure of keratinocytes
Constituent cell of the superficial layer of the skin (epidermis) and appendages (nails, hair, hairs, feathers, scales). Constantly renewing itself, it takes a month for keratinocytes to go from…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/2/e/1/2e14828923_50034170_peau-invison- 01.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/sante/definitions/medecine-keratinocyte-181/” data-more=”Read more”>keratinocytes human epidermis for create an epidermis.

The whole thing then shrunk during the Reverse phase change is called “melting”. Solidification is to be differentiated from vaporization, which designates the passage of…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/b/4/f/b4f77ade23_82084_solidification.jpg ” data-url=”https://news.google.com/sciences/definitions/physics-solidification-15303/” data-more=”Read more”>solidificationsurrounding the finger and forming folds similar to those of real skin. “The advantage of our method for covering 3D objects with the equivalent of skin is the use of tissue shrinkage during culture, which allows conformal coverage of 3D objects, especially those with curved and uneven surfaces. », write the researchers.

To check the hold and The body is perfectly elastic if it completely recovers its original shape after removing the load.
It is partially elastic if the deformation produced by the forces…” data-url=”https://news.google.com/sciences/definitions/physics-elasticity-2077/” data-more=”Read more” >elasticity of the skin, the team then had several movements to robotic fingerand has more “evaluated the barrier function of fabricated skin equivalents in vitro with electrical measurements and tests of Water retention », as the researchers write. And it all held up really well! ‘The finger al’air slightly “wet” straight out of the growing mediumenthused S.Takeuchi. As the finger is driven by an electric motor, it is also interesting to hear the clicks of the motor in harmony with a finger that looks like a real one. »

Healing properties

In addition to its aesthetic and mechanical characteristics, the brand new skin created has properties ofself healing. The researchers placed a collagen bandage after having ” hurt ” the robotic finger: the bandage gradually melted into the skin and thus rebuilt it! “The wound was repaired by dermal fibroblast activity after the collagen sheet was applied to the wound site. These results show the applicability of robots covered with living materials to biological functions and offer a new perspective on robotic materials. »

But this is only the beginning, as the study concludes: developed skin remains weaker than natural skin, and requires nutrient supply : for the future, the team plans to add sensory neuronsof the follicles hairy, nails and eccrine sweat glands
Located all over the body (except on the genitals), the…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/7/5/1/7510301cdd_50036526_peau-invison -03.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/sante/definitions/biologie-sudoriparous-gland-9028/” data-more=”Read more”>sweat glands. “We are surprised at how well the fabric cutaneous conforms to the surface of the robotsays Takeuchi. But this work is only the first step towards creating robots covered in living skin. »

The formed skin withstood all the tests! © Matter, Kawai and para.

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